PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

Comparing Online Travel Services To Your Local Travel Agent

Sites such as Expedia, Orbitz, and Travelocity claim to offer the best price – sometimes even guaranteed. They may even claim to offer the best rates on a luxury world cruise, a trip that travel wholesalers publicly prefer to be sold by agents. The emergence of online travel sites have put many agencies out of business, and claim to have conquered the consumer base by offering quality product at a lower cost. When you call your local travel agency and ask for a price quote on an air and hotel luxury travel vacation package, most consumers will check against one of the more popular travel websites to see what prices better. True, two thirds of the time, you will find that the Internet will beat the travel agent price by about $150. The travel website will assure you that it is the same package. The resorts and hotels are aware that you are going to be in the most unfavorable rooms, in fact, that is why they sold them to the Internet travel site at a discounted rate in the first place.

Travel service sites proudly proclaim that they are able to further save customers money by selling large volumes of travel and collecting a smaller fee. Orbitz and Travelocity do have a large volume of travel reservations made, but what little they make in commission they make back in changed or canceled reservations. Most travel agencies offer a travel insurance that covers you and your travel companions if you should have to cancel for a medical or personal emergency.

American Express Travel offers a cancel for any reason insurance that even covers your airline tickets. These Internet booking engines are now beginning to offer “insurance,” but it rarely covers cancellations in full. Your local travel agent is there to offer the customer care you need back at home while you’re traveling abroad. When it comes to planning luxury travel vacation, you are truly better off using a travel agent. If you don’t like your room, your travel agent can have it fixed in a matter of moments. Travel agents are not focused on quantity, but quality. So travel safe, not sorry, and call a travel agent to hear more benefits that each agency offers their clients

Information On Merchant Account Loans

For an entrepreneur, there are always instances wherein he or she would require additional funds in order to sustain or even help start up his or her new business. Unsecured business loans provide such additional funding with far less requirements that traditional sources of funding usually ask for. It is a process that is somehow ironic, but not quite untrue. In order to make money, one has to have money, and in order to create a business that would make you money, you have to have money to get it off the ground.

Loans are there to provide you the money that you would need to put up your own enterprise, but you have to have an established business history in order to secure a loan from traditional lenders, an established business history that you can only get if you have a business to establish it with. This, of course, puts new potential business owners in a very tough position. A merchant account loan, or unsecured business loan, gives new entrepreneurs a chance, and the money that they need, at starting up their own business. Unlike with traditional lenders, this loan can be acquired in a matter of mere days with a lot less hassle.

When an individual wants to start up a new business, there are several options available to him or her to acquire capital. There are friends and family who they can turn to for financial support. Many people also suggest the use of an entrepreneurs own retirement accounts or savings to start off the business, and even credit card advances for the funds. What all of these things have in common is the great deal of personal and financial risk involved. By covering all the bases, applying a little foresight to planning, we can all surmise that all new businesses have a huge chance at failure, regardless of how sound the business strategy is or how innovative or time tested the product or service offered actually is.

If your business does fail, how will that affect your relationship with the people you asked assistance from? How will it affect your own personal financial security? Merchant account loans provide a safer alternative. It is a form of credit card factoring that focuses on small businesses, making it a more viable option for entrepreneurs that are just starting out.

So how do merchant account loans work? As mentioned, it is a form of credit card factoring. This is a business practice wherein the small business owner sells all his or her upcoming Visa or MasterCard receivables. They sell these receivables at a discount, and by doing so, allowing these new entrepreneurs to acquire the money that they need within days. One advantage of this kind of loan is that these usually carry with it a very flexible payment term, the basis of the terms are dependent on the daily credit card revenues. It is customary that the credit card factoring agency require the business owner to make use of is or her credit card processors exclusively for the purposes of record keeping. To determine daily repayment amounts for the loan, it is vital that the record of purchases is as accurate as possible.

Merchant account loans are the ideal way for new entrepreneurs to have access to their funds. These new entrepreneurs acquire their much needed finances in a matter of days thanks to the merchant account loan, and they do not even need to establish a good business history to get approved. Even the lack of a high credit rating is not a huge factor when it comes to these loans. Since the repayment is based upon the merchant or the entrepreneurs credit card revenues, no matter how good or how badly the business does in terms of revenue, repayment of the loan would not carry with it as much of an impact on the entrepreneurs finances as it does with loans from traditional lenders, who usually have a set date and specific terms for payment.

If you are a small business owner or an individual who is thinking about putting up his or her own small business but worries about raising the appropriate start up funding, then merchant account loans just may be the ideal alternative for you. You get the money you need relatively quicker, and the risks are definitely much lower. With such a decreased processing time and approval rate, anyone can easily obtain a merchant account loan and proceed to putting up that business that they have always dreamed of.

Corporate Gifts – Travel Bags and Accessories

We understand that professional people are workaholic. Perhaps, one of the most popular are travel bags and briefcases. For corporates in particular, you can find travel bags with touch of class and elegance. Both local and online stores made these travel accessories available with different range of prices. The impact of each year’s trend for travel bags made difference for those people who are always on the. There are other great choices of travel bags that can fit in professionals taste.

One of today’s hottest trend for traveler’s bags are those that were made personalized. Just like any ordinary choices, personalized travel bags come in different variety. Personalized gifts for travelers especially for corporates can make a one of a kind accessory during traveling. There are other choices for personalized travel bags intended not only for business trips, like a Personalized Duffle Bag, Personalized Golf Trunk Organizer and Personalized Slum Dank Duffle Bag for those professional travelers who are sports enthusiast. While a Personalized Picnic Blanket Tote, Personalized Grill Combo Outdoor Kit and a Personalized Barbecue Cooler Kit for those professionals who are always enjoying their weekend with personal family getaway.

Other travel gears you may consider are travel belt, shirts and pants, coat and jackets, cosmetic and grooming kits, and more. You may find them more adorable if they were made personalized perfect to give as gifts during celebration like weddings, these items could be best man gift ideas or perhaps gifts for ushers. So, why not give such cool and unique gifts for professional traveler’s?

The Travel Career in nursing and it is Advantages

There are quite a bit of profession prospects accessible to nurses today. Nurses can be found in various medical areas a variety of medical establishments for instance hospitals, schools, government, medical clinics, nursing homes, administration, plus more. One sort of nursing job that may be now being chosen by more nurses because several positive aspects will be the travel career in nursing.

A travel nurse is usually a nurse who goes toward areas everywhere over the nation and works for a medical facility for any set specific time. These nurses are replacement workers for nurses who’re away for reasons like if they’re on the holiday to have an extended period of time. Since the nursing positions are temporary, the employer will be expecting a nurse who does not have for being trained or supervised.

As a travel nurse, you require some important qualifications. You will need to be considered a licensed nurse that completed the nursing program from a certified school for nursing. It’s also advisable to been employed by being a nurse for the year or higher. Employers rely on travel nurses to be prepared to leap into work can be with the necessity for supervision or much training. To obtain a job as a travel nurse, most nurses will join a nurse recruiting agency.

A nurse recruiting company assists employers in the healthcare industry hire travel nurses to temporarily replace nurse on leave. Upon joining a staffing company, every one of the specifics of the nurse such as qualifications is set up a database. When an employer requests a nurse for the short term job vacancy, the agency will quickly realize the proper nurse to complete the job. The agency will help make a phone interview between the employer and nurse, assist the nurse with pay for it for travel, get the right nursing licenses, and help with finding suitable housing. A nursing staffing company could also offer courses to help keep nursing skills and knowledge on issues within the medical industry.

You can find nurse staffing agencies that provide nurses to employers needing temporary workers. As effectively, a travel nurse in most cases obtain compensation for travel relates expenses. There can also be a housing compensation and medical insurance benefits. Using a travel nursing career, flexibility is really a benefit as a nurse can choose the type of work assignment that meets the requirements and preferences. They even have a holiday between work assignments. As nicely, this can be a fun and lucrative way to see the country. If a nurse isn’t ready for any full-time career available as one place, travel nursing is a superb choice.

Nursing travel jobs tends to make a lucrative income because these nurses need to be experienced and ready to travel and begin work competently the first day. For nurses trying to travel as well as a great living, the travel nursing profession may be the solution. They also receive the good thing about working in different medical environments and experience new places. When nurses attempt this kind of career, they soon discover travel nursing is often a rewarding and lucrative career.

Positives and downsides of being in a love

Being in a relationship can be biking for a rollercoaster. There are quite a few couples who happen to be experiencing repeated fights and some are finishing into breakup. But also, you are able to see couples who happen to be getting over that stage and continue being together. Some couples who broke up additionally are getting to be with you together as well as think that it is permanently or even forever. Having a lovely gf or perhaps a sweetheart doesnt always mean you may be ready for a serious dedication. There are teens that are entering in a relationship as a result of curiosity or even for companionship. However if you may be already during the ideal age and you have solid job, I bet that you are today looking for a boyfriend whom your share your whole life with and that you will utter pledge “until death do us element.

Of course, regarding traditional courting design, men are the one who will approach girls, request their name or even quantity consequently have them for a date. It requires not merely days but even weeks to catch a woman s heart (based on the kind of girl you want). If you need for a continuous boyfriend and want to end her up being your girlfriend, it is important to achieve her heart slowly and could make her trust you. Trust in a relationship is regarded as the fundamentals accordingly you better earn it. As for men who have Talking With women Tips, possibly they can find it frustrating to have a gf.

Win Ex GF Back is additionally bad and it will just result not get together but pity. You will need to understand your restrictions and have even a little pleasure on your own. Will not earn a guy or perhaps a women heart just because of pity. At the end during the day, it will not work and you should just suffer a lot.

If you need to educate yourself on more things about managing a relationship and exactly how to maintain it stronger, you are able to see quite a few websites in the internet that are ideal to study and love ideas on. Its also good for you to check out “Bue Best Relationship Tips” and understand about subjects and issues concerning relationship, get together and wedding. This can help you in getting ideas and actions in the things you have to do and dont.

Real Estate Equity – Investment Capital, Debt Consolidation or a Retirement Nest Egg?

There is a significant interrelationship between personal investment planning, credit purchasing and real estate ownership. On the face of it that may seem obvious, but the complexity of the interrelationship bears some scrutiny.

During the last quarter of the 20th century there was an amazing proliferation of the use of credit card purchasing. Credit card purchasing continues to gain use as a means for medium term financing for larger household needs, as well as, a means to spread over time individual fluctuations of income and other changes in the economy. Unfortunately, many Americans caught up in the economic prosperity of the several past decades have used credit cards to amass debt beyond or challenging their ability to repay.

It has been over two decades since Congress removed from the federal income tax code the ability to deduct interest payments on most credit/debt instruments “except” home mortgages. This Congressional enactment immediately catapulted the home mortgage market to the forefront. Suddenly, 2nd home mortgages and complete home refinancing became an attractive tax-incentivized debt consolidation tool. Of course, the financial sense of using a home mortgage for debt consolidation depends on several key factors. Among them is the rate of interest in the home mortgage marketplace, personal circumstances and a willingness to trade short-term debt for long-term debt on the prospect of real estate appreciation.

There continues to be substantial debate regarding the financial sense of maintaining equity in a home. In the simplest terms the two sides of the issue are:

Equity in a home can be put to better use. Essentially this means home equity that could be turned into cash should be invested in financial instruments that will outpace appreciation in the value of the home. This assumes that home equity cash can be put to more effective financial use. Second home or investment property purchases, tuition for education and high interest credit card debt are the more common uses of cash out refinancing or second mortgage financing and can all be considered a more effective application of equity depending upon circumstances.

* Conversely, as the home loan is paid down and home value appreciation develops the equity that builds eventually becomes a retirement nest egg. A debt free home is can represent utopia for those entering their retirement years.

As the debate goes on, the truth of the matter is that the best approach depends on factors such as economic climate, personal timing, property value appreciation and personal investment discipline.

Then there are the tax issues that play into nearly all financial decisions. As previously noted, home mortgages and second mortgages are tax deductible. This factor can be a significant decision point. The interest paid to the lender, as part of a mortgage payment, is deductible from federal and most state income taxes. Lenders provide notification of the amount of interest paid on a home mortgage during the tax year, and that amount may be itemized as a “qualified residence interest” deduction on federal, state and local income tax returns. The interest deduction is applicable to debt assumed for home ownership up to $ 1 million. The deduction applies to first and second mortgages, as well as, other debt instruments used to finance a primary residence.

Debt that is assumed for any purpose, but financed through a home loan, is also deductible so long as the amount of indebtedness does not exceed the lesser of $100,000 or the fair market value of the home.

Refinancing an existing mortgage to release equity without the additional benefit of an interest rate reduction may not be the most frugal approach. As with any mortgage there are specific closing costs associated with the transaction that is mostly based upon the amount of the loan. Conversely, a second mortgage for the purpose of extracting equity would normally create a much smaller loan and consequently lower closing cost.

When considering a second mortgage there are two distinct structures that normally come into play. The “Home Equity Line of Credit” generally offers a low interest initial interest rate and only requires the payment of the accumulated interest each month. The advantage of this structure is that it is a line of credit with a limit and the consumer only pays interest on the amount actually used. The risk factor is that it is a floating interest rate adjusted to a particular financial index such as “prime” or “cost of funds”. The option less adventurous borrowers elect is the standard fixed rate second mortgage amortized over 15, 20, or 30 years.

Regardless of the structure of the loan current lending criteria will likely restrict the amount of the mortgage to 80% “combined” loan to value (CLTV). This means that the maximum amount borrowed including the existing first mortgage cannot exceed 80% of the value of the property as determined by the lender’s evaluation.

Dorset Cottages

Dorset is set to become one of the most popular tourist destinations in the UK this year and when you look a little closer on the map, it’s easy to see why.
Dorset is home to many famous landmarks and heritage sites and then of course there are the famous sandy beaches. The Jurassic Coast stretches down 95 miles of the English Channel and was named England’s first natural World Heritage site in 2001. But if breathtaking scenery and million year old fossils aren’t your thing then don’t worry because the beaches also provide access to some fantastic water sports for people of all ages and abilities, whether it’s a high octane Jet Ski ride or a relaxed tootle around in a pedalo.

And for those of you who are old enough to indulge in a little bit of nostalgia there’s also ‘that hill’ – the scene of that famous Hovis bread advert of the early seventies, which now plays host to the annual Gold Hill Fair. The fair brings a range of activities and shopping stalls to the area over one weekend in the summer.

There is really only one way to sample the county of Dorset however and that’s in a traditional Dorset cottage. Staying in a Dorset cottage puts this magnificent place quite literally on your doorstep. The quaint coastal villages and market towns have hundreds of cottages available for rent, all of which have a certain character about them.

The dog walkers amongst you will be pleased to know that many of the cottages, particularly those near the coast and on hiking routes are pet friendly so you can bring them along with you, and you should because they will enjoy it almost as much as you will.

One last tip…there really is so much to see and do so just be sure to book a long enough stay, even if it’s to just recover from your holiday.

Eczema – An Explanation

Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)

Eczema is a chronic, recurrent skin disease and presents as one of the most common inflammatory skin diseases in childhood. Sufferers experience intractable itching with subsequent skin damage, soreness, sleep loss and the social stigma of visible skin damage. Although the cause is not understood , there appears to be a genetic predisposition as well as a combination of allergic and non-allergic factors that determine the diseases expression.

Eczema or Atopic Dermatitis is known as the itch that rashes. Eczema displays in infants as red skin with oozing cracks and small pustules. Eczema lesions are found on the face, wrists, folds of skin and nappy areas of the buttocks. As the child ages the eczema presents as papules and thickened skin in the joint areas. In adults eczema displays as papules and thickened crusted sores that often weep as a consequence of scratching.

Adult eczema is found in flexures, on the face, neck, legs, feet, back of the hands and the genital areas.

Triggers of Eczema

Some people have a genetic inherited tendency to develop eczema, indicated by eczema occurring in families predisposed to hay fever and/or asthma. A normally harmless substance in the environment will often trigger an outbreak of eczema in people born with this tendency. How eczema is first triggered and how severely substances will affect the skin is uncertain as everyone with this genetic tendency is different and reacts differently.

This makes identifying triggers and controlling symptoms difficult. A process for identifying individual triggers is often by elimination and can be a long and drawn out procedure.
Although people react differently and different substances affect each individual differently there are some common substances that are most prone to triggering an eczema flare-up:

* Dust mite
* Animal dandruff
* Pollens
* Environmental and seasonal changes
* Stress
* Some foods ( egg, cows milk, shell fish, peanuts, wheat, nuts, rice, food additives and some fruits)
* Alcohol and coffee.

Nutrition

Nutrition plays a very large role in the outcome for eczema sufferers. An important reason for eczema occurrence is the western diet which promotes inflammation in the body. A defect in the bodies ability to metabolise Gamma-linolenic acid, (GLA) is thought to play a major role in the onset and development of eczema. GLA is the molecule produced from linoleic acid, the body makes Prostaglandins and Arachodonic acid from it. These two products are used by the body to trigger allergic reactions and the bodies response to injury and attack. When there is too much GLA, the body has excessive inflammatory response. The Western diets have an excessive amount of Linoleic acid (omega 6) to the alpha -linolenic acid (omega 3) of 10:1.so GLA promotes inflammation when the person has a defect in its metabolism or usage. This defect is, I believe, the reason that some people suffer eczema .

It is proposed that an eczema sufferer should supplement their diet with specific nutrients, particularly calcium, iodine, vitamin C and omega 3 fatty acids. Vitamin C @ 50 to 75mg/kg has been found to be beneficial. Flaxseed oil and fish are good sources of omega 3 fatty acids. The inclusion of Vitamins A & B6, Zinc and Selenium, Biotin, Evening Primrose Oil & Lecithin are also proposed. Dosages should be worked out by your Naturopath or “enlightened” Doctor .

Healthy Family Lifestyle

This article discusses the influence of the family on a healthy lifestyle.

Diseases: A healthy family lifestyle always begins with a disease free lifestyle. A hundred years ago, people succumbed to communicable diseases like small pox, cholera, malaria, dysentery, tuberculosis etc. To a large extent, these diseases are well under control today if not totally eliminated from the face of the earth, thanks to advances in scientific research. Nowadays, we are plagued with different diseases. The world is plagued with modern diseases like AIDS, obesity, cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases etc. Here are some alarming statistics:

o Cardiovascular diseases and stroke claim almost 18 million lives a year worldwide
o 750 million people worldwide are overweight of which 300 million are obese. Obesity is a more serious form of overweight and has been classified as a chronic disease
o This year about 547,000 Americans will die of cancer. Globally, approximately 7.6 million people die from cancer each year
o According to the American Diabetes Association, Type 2 diabetes grows annually at a rate of 5% since 1990

Prevention is better than cure. Healthy family lifestyle will mitigate many health risks only if you are aware of what is at stake. Educate your family about the diseases, and what they must do to prevent them.

Role of parents as role models: Children often look up to their parents as role models. Parents can influence children to a large extent to make a good start in life by inculcating in them good values. A healthy family lifestyle is a good starting point. It will instill in them the right values that they can pass on to their own families in future.

Healthy family lifestyle will require attention to the following areas:

1. Foods: Fundamentally important to healthy family lifestyle are foods and diets we ingest daily. It is a well known medical fact that foods have a very large role to play in the state of our health. Educate your family about good and bad food habits, but what better education there is than providing wholesome and nutritious foods for the family as a starting point. For example:

o Eating a balanced diet is important for the heart as well as making sure your family gets all the nutrients they need to grow.
o Avoid or reduce the intake of certain foods for example fast foods; these are often loaded with fats, salt and sugar and low in complex carbohydrates.
o Eating more plant based foods like fruits, vegetables, beans and legumes.
o Reducing sugar intake and avoid sugary drinks, salt and salt related food products like preserved meats (bacon, ham)

2. Maintaining right body weight: This is the single most important factor in maintaining a healthy family lifestyle. Many dreaded diseases owe their origins to overweight and obesity. Foremost among them are Type 2 diabetes, thyroid problem, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and many types of cancer. The importance of maintaining a healthy body weight can never be over-emphasized enough.

3. Exercise: Impress upon the importance of exercise. It is highly recommended for all of us to have half an hour of vigorous exercise or one hour of less vigorous exercise a day. Set a good example by doing it yourself. Lead a more physically active lifestyle and get the whole family involved. Get the children to play less computer games and more outdoor sports. Lead by example; don’t be a couch potato yourself! Do everything together the healthy family lifestyle way.

4. Smoking: Quit smoking. Cigarettes are known to be a leading cause for lung cancer and a host of other serious ailments. Besides, you don’t want your family exposed to second hand smoke, do you? Educate your children about the dangers of tobacco.

Healthy family lifestyle requires serious effort and commitment from you chiefly as the head of the family and co-operation from the whole family. The benefits far outweigh the effort.